What to watch out for in We noted that the EU "seems to be moving from one emergency to the next", and that "Europeans have taken their eyes off more profound long-term challenges". We concluded that "how the European Union copes with its immediate problems in the next couple of years will determine how the continent will fare in the decades to come.
Enlargement of the European Union 2. European Integration - an ever closer union? Comprising numerous different, sometimes even competing and fighting nations, Europe forms an ethnically, culturally and socially diversified continent.
For centuries, it has therefore been a place of wars, revolutions and migration, as well as a well-spring of cultural imprint, Christianity and philosophy. The last century, shaped by two world wars and the Cold War, entailed a devastated and separated Europe.
However, with Germany and France — two traditional arch-enemies — realizing that cooperation is better than warfare, the first milestone towards what was to become the European Union was laid. Today the Union consists of 27 member states, implying almost million inhabitants.
As a matter of fact, the creation of the EU itself has been a revolutionary act never encountered before in history, as several sovereign countries agreed on the long-term target of the generation of a common region of unitary legislation.
Enumerating the advantages and opportunities resulting for economy, societies and individuals in the EU, one always has to take into consideration the serious challenges the formation of the Union poses to the particular member states and to their inhabitants.
How to integrate the new member states? Will the economic situation in these countries improve? How much money should the Union invest in each country and how should improvement be monitored and measured?
To what extent is the enlargement profitable for the old member states? All these are current issues discussed in the European Parliament which will have to be solved in the near future. And, as new countries are applying for membership, these questions enter a new dimension.
However, enlargement, integration and fiscal policy of the European Union are not its only current challenges. How will political structures change and what will be the steps towards the envisaged final status of unitary legislation?
This dissertation provides an overview of the current challenges of the EU and the possibility of their accomplishment in future. However, its implantation is a long process, posing challenges to both the new members and the EU institutions. Apparently, not all members will implement EU policies and postulations in an uniform way.
One currently highly discussed question occurs: As a consequence, each wave of enlargements entails a significant internal restructuring and ratification of institutions. How much money should be provided to each particular country in each particular year and, what is more important, is this money allocated to the right institutions?
A big problem — especially for the two latest members Romania and Bulgaria — is misemployment and abuse of European funds. Adding new countries to the Union always means adapting their problems and making them European problems. Corruption and Organised crime.
Coping with these problems remains one of the most difficult to control problems of contemporary Europe. In general, other particular challenges for the East-European countries have a historical background.
Their strategy of modernisation and democratisation contains the general post-communist long-term aim of economic growth, stability and prosperity.
Indeed, three countries are holding accession negotiations at present: At this point, it seems adequate to differentiate between Turkey on the one, and the two Balkan states on the other hand.
Since Turkey has about 70 Million inhabitants, an accession of this country would have heavier consequences for the Union than an accession of Macedonia or Croatia having a population of 2 Million and 4,5 Million respectively. Moreover, they await a significant economic growth of the country allowing EU states to benefit from.
Also, the facts that Turkey has improved in human rights issues and has been applying for membership for 40 years by now militate in favour of a accession. However, there are severe arguments against a membership. Secondly, after joining, the 70 Million Turks would represent the second populous country of the Union, thus becoming a grave counterbalance of Germany, France and the UK.
Does Turkey as a whole geographically belong to Europe?The European Commission has estimated that, even if the EU accepted million immigrants a year for the next three decades, the EU would still end up having two working-age people for every person aged over 65, compared with four today.
So added numbers should be welcome.
At the moment, the European Union is facing serious economic crises, caused by the global financial crisis in , as well as faulty industrial policies, and, capital and labor movements on a global scale.
In conclusion, since its formation in , the European Union has served to address a great number of important issues.
These issues are not solely confined to the borders of EU but are commonly dealt with throughout the world. Sep 19, · European Union Ends Inquiry Into Luxembourg’s Tax Deal With McDonald’s.
The bloc’s executive arm had been investigating whether Luxembourg had . European policymakers' understandable reluctance to own up to the solvency problems facing by the countries at the eurozone's periphery will not make these problems go away.
Nor will repeated bailouts of these countries do more than kick the can forward. Adding new countries to the Union always means adapting their problems and making them European problems.
The two gravest problems of those two countries represent at the same time two of the EU’s problems: Corruption and Organised crime.