This is the text of my keynote speech at the 34th Chaos Communication Congress in Leipzig, December You can also watch it on YouTube, but it runs to about 45 minutes.
To understand the possible impact of climate change on the apple quality of the major producing areas in China and assess the quality of major apple species e. The results show that the spatial and temporal distributions of annual average temperature, annual sunshine duration, average summer temperature, summer diurnal temperature range, and average summer relative humidity all significantly changed except annual precipitation and that abrupt changes occurred.
The annual temperatures and average summer temperatures in the Loess Plateau apple region and the Liaoning producing region of Bohai Bay increased within optimal ranges. In addition, for high-value regions, the hours of sunshine decreased, helping to improve the fruit shape index, sugar-acid ratio, and vitamin C VC content.
Relatively high temperatures continued to increase to high values which remained lower than the optimal upper limit; the diurnal temperature range continued to decrease; and the sunshine hours significantly decreased within the optimal range, which might have worsened fruit hardness, soluble sugar, and peel anthocyanin in the producing regions of Southwest Shandong of Bohai Bay, Southeast Hebei of the Old Course of the Yellow River, Northern Anhui, and Jiangsu.
In the production regions of the Yun-Gui plateau in the Southwest highlands, increased summer temperature and the diurnal temperature range were both within the optimal ranges, which might have helped to reduce fruit hardness and increase soluble sugar content.
However, continuously increased temperature and reduced sunshine might have worsened the apple shape index and fruit coloring.
In the Xinjiang apple-producing region, the climate became warmer and more humid with reduced daily sunshine hours, which might have improved the exterior quality of apples and reduced fruit hardness. Thus, the climate changes over the last 50 years have positively affected the seven apple quality physicochemical properties in the Loess Plateau and Xinjiang, whereas the impacts on the different indices of apple quality in the other apple-producing regions are less coherent.
In general, climate change has significantly affected the apple quality of the major production regions in China. Corresponding scientific measures are needed to assure high apple quality to increase the income of farmers in the future.
Atmosphere7, See further details here. Related Articles Article Metrics For more information on the journal statistics, click here. Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.Craven says she believes it was the first article ever written about Apple.
We checked with Wozniak, and he agrees."Seems quite the way it was," Wozniak told us. "The only thing I can note is that we were demonstrating the Apple ][ before we shipped any Apple I’s, so we knew that it was a temporary project.".
Glee is a musical comedy-drama television series that aired on Fox in the United States for six seasons from to It focuses on the high school glee club New Directions competing on the show choir competition circuit, while its members deal with relationships, sexuality and social issues..
The initial main cast encompassed club director and Spanish (later History) teacher Will. Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, but his family moved to Lawrence, Massachusetts, in following his father’s death.
The move was actually a return, for Frost’s ancestors were originally New Englanders, and Frost became famous for his poetry’s engagement with .
An illustrated catalogue issued to accompany an exhibition of sculptures and paintings by artist Norman Sunshine. With an essay by Donald Kuspit. Fine in glossy printed wrappers.
Find your essay writer on ThePensters. Here are many essays meant for the school students and college students who can use these essays for their academic presentations. We offer these essays free of cost to all of our visitors. David April 8, at pm. Divine Bacon. Lovely is the succulent, heavenly morsel, Oh, the mortals seem to worship this divine beauty. Vain is the efforts of those who reap the benefits of Mother Nature. Real news, curated by real humans. Packed with the trends, news & links you need to be smart, informed, and ahead of the curve.
Dec 24, · Compare these two descriptive essay writing excerpts which describe a garden after the rain: Excerpt 1: After the rail, everything was covered with drops of water: apple trees, grass, benches. Excerpt 2: After the rain, apples in the garden were covered with drops of water sparkling in the sunshine.
The flavor of wet grass was fresh. In Sunshine State, the sacred lies right next to the profane; the weird is always inextricable from its own beauty. These essays reach out toward the people and places of Gerard's childhood, family, and history while also reaching within to examine her own complicity in the creation of her life's story.