Alcohol and Public Health:
Home Children or Adults: An Examination of the Juvenile Justice System This research paper will discuss whether or not juveniles that commit violent crimes should be tried as an adult.
Through research the author will establish an argument that children who commit the crimes of an adult should be punished as an adult. Empirical data detailing the number of juvenile offenders that are housed in adult prisons and jails as well as the number of prisoners serving life sentences that were earned by committing violent crimes before the age of 15 will be included in the manuscript.
Finally, I suggest that children who commit crimes that are considered violent enough to even be considered for adult criminal court must in fact be tried in that very venue.
In this paper I will explore current scholarly thought to determine the effectiveness of trying juveniles as adults in a court of law. In extreme instances, juveniles of a broad range of age have committed violent crimes that the criminal justice system has deemed impossible to have been committed by the accepted frame of minds of juveniles.
These juveniles were then tried in adult court and sentenced accordingly. The purpose of my research is to examine juveniles who have been tried as adults and to discuss its strengths and weaknesses.
I will analyze the information that I gather and will provide a strong case that this practice is appropriate. Literature Review Several authors address the issues surrounding juveniles who are tried as adults Hudson, ; Mason, Chapman, Chang and Simons, ; Nunez, Tang Hudson emphasizes that with the hope of eventual release juvenile offenders will be more inclined to better themselves and gravitate towards rehabilitation while incarcerated.
Mason, Chapman, and Simon suggest that through education and training it is possible to influence the judicial system in a manner that increases the use of juvenile sanctions among youths transferred to adult court.
This agrees with Hudson in the sense that juveniles exposed to sanctions such as therapy will be likely to receive lesser sentences in adult court, increasing their hope for release. Kupchik determined this was not possible because the predominant offender in both courts were Black or Latino.
He concluded that the current sequential model of juvenile justice should be rejected because it is not consistent with the opinion and perspective that the general public currently holds about this issue.
Houchins, Puckett-Patterson, Crosby, Shippen, and Jolivette compiled a list of barriers that prevent incarcerated youth from receiving a quality education. This study shows that these barriers are a significant factor working against juvenile offenders having a legitimate chance of staying out of the criminal justice system after being released.
Lewis and Witt agreeably compared the notion of trying a juvenile in an adult court versus the alternative option of intermediate sanctions.
McMahon and Payne as well as Yanich both call attention to the impact the media has on the image portrayed of juveniles who have committed violent crimes. McMahon and Payne discuss a case in England in which two adolescent boys murder a young girl.
The boys are publicly scorned which should garner no surprise, but the latter part of the report details the young boys receiving fan mail from older women while they are incarcerated.
Yanich discusses the rate on which juveniles who have committed a violent crime appear on the primetime news hour.In , , juveniles were arrested for vandalism. But most cases of property damage are accidental or careless.
Some states set a limit on how much your parents have to pay for your acts of property damage, but it may be as high as $10, Juveniles Tried in Adult Courts Argumentative Essay An argumentative essay on whether to prosecute and incarcerate juvenile offenders in the adult court and penal system.
Sample Essay. Words 2, This essay discusses whether juveniles should be tried as adults or not. Juveniles should not be tried as adults. When juvenile crime rates soared in the mid s, experts predicted that a new breed of youthful “super predators” had arrived on the national scene.
Although being tried in adult court gives a juvenile more constitutional protections, it has distinct disadvantages too—including the potential for a more severe sentence and the possibility of serving time in an adult correctional facility. Most people feel that juveniles should not be tried as adults because the majority of them committing crimes are young, some as young as 9 and 10 and at this .
Our results suggest that incarcerating juveniles, at tremendous cost, serves to reduce their educational attainment and increase the probability of incarceration as an adult. Interestingly, after years of steady increases in juvenile incarceration, in the past decade, juvenile incarceration has started to decline.