Fox hunting

Coyotes, gray fox, and red fox are by far the most common quarry. A young red fox, the favorite quarry of the hunt.

Fox hunting

See Article History Foxhunting, the chase of a fox by horsemen with a pack of hounds. In Englandthe home of the sport, foxhunting dates from at least the 15th century. In its inception, it was probably an adjunct to stag and hare huntingwith the same hounds used to chase each quarry.

Traditional procedure is still observed and the proper kit clothing worn. The hounds, generally 20 to 30 couples matched pairsare controlled by the huntsman, who may be the master but is generally the senior paid servant of the hunt.

Two or three whippers-in assist in reconnaissance and in keeping the hounds together as a pack. Master, huntsman, and whippers-in take precedence over all other riders to hounds. The huntsman controls hounds by voice, his or her calls being known as cheers, and by a horn—a copper tube about 8 inches 20 cm long that produces two notes of great carrying and penetrating quality.

On the command of the master, hounds move off to draw search the covert, which may be a woodland, a patch of gorse, or a field in which it is suspected that a fox may be hiding. The body of the fox is then thrown to the hounds.

Followers of sufficient prestige are invited to wear scarlet, with the individual buttons of the hunt, and a top hat the velvet cap being strictly the prerogative of those actively engaged in the control of hounds, though by modern usage women may also wear it.

Other followers wear black coats, with top hats or bowlers. In the case of some ancestral hunts run by noble families, the uniform may be green, yellow, or gray instead of scarlet. Before World War Ifoxhunting reached a zenith of popularity as an English field sport.

Horse and hound breeding had arrived at a highly developed state, and hunting itself was well organized and regulated by the Master of Foxhounds Association.

The sport of foxhunting survived a number of difficulties in the 20th century, notably changes in patterns of rural landownership and land use as great landowners were replaced by numerous smallholders, proliferation of barbed-wire fences, hardships caused by World Wars I and II, and some popular opposition to the sport on anticruelty and other grounds.

Hunting continued, however, in the second half of the 20th century in England, Wales, Irelandand parts of Scotland from November, when the harvest was gathered, until April, when new crops began to grow. The sport was also practiced in similar season in some parts of the United States, CanadaNew Zealandand Australia.

LC-DIG-highsm In the early 21st century, however, efforts to end the sport intensified, and in Scotland banned foxhunting. Two years later the British House of Commons outlawed the killing of wild mammals in hound-led hunts in England and Wales, although the ban provided for certain exceptions. Despite a number of legal challenges, the law went into effect in early Hunts have continued to be held throughout England and Wales, sometimes with the hunters and hounds following a previously laid scent trail rather than a live fox drag hunting.

When a live fox is hunted, the law requires the animal, if it is killed, to be shot by the hunters rather than killed by the hounds.

Fox hunting

Foxhunting takes place in many countries but often with slightly different traditions than those of the English hunt.

In the United States and Canada, for example, the goal of hound-led hunts is typically not to kill the quarry; the emphasis is on the chase. In those countries, moreover, because of the shortage of foxes in some areas and an increasing number of coyotes —which are bigger, faster, and stronger than foxes—coyotes are often hunted instead.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Fox hunting is the sport of mounted riders chasing wild fox or coyote with a pack of hounds. It is a union of man and animal in the wide open space between man and nature. It is a union of man and animal in the wide open space between man and nature.

Learn More about Fox Hunting. Fox hunting is a fast-paced, thrilling sport that is sure to keep both you and your horse on your collective toes. Basically, riders pursue a fox, or a fox scent, across the countryside on horseback. a pastime in which participants on horseback ride over the countryside following a pack of hounds on the trail of a fox.

Fox hunting is the sport of mounted riders chasing wild fox or coyote with a pack of hounds. It is a union of man and animal in the wide open space between man and nature. It is a union of man and animal in the wide open space between man and nature. Among those who once had dealings with this man, gentlemen--that's from twenty to five-and-twenty years ago--there was one: a rough fox-hunting, hard-drinking gentleman, who had run through his own fortune, and wanted to squander away that of his sister: they were both orphans, and she lived with him and managed his house.

Jul 05,  · A red fox pinpoints field mice buried deep beneath the snow, using his sensitive hearing and the magnetic field of the North Pole to plot his trajectory.

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Foxhunting | Definition of Foxhunting by Merriam-Webster