By Carissa Kelvens spring Everyone has felt a little anxious at one time or another.
Privacy Fears and Phobias Fear is a reaction to danger that involves both the mind and body. It can serve a protective purpose, signaling us of danger and preparing us to deal with it, or it can be disruptive.
Understanding Fears Fear is a built-in survival mechanism with which we are all equipped.
Fear is a normal human emotional reaction. Even as babies, we possess the survival instincts necessary to respond when we sense danger. A fear reaction happens whenever we sense danger or when we are confronted with something new or unknown that seems potentially dangerous.
Most people tend to avoid the things they feel afraid of. There are, of course, exceptions such as people who seek out the thrill of extreme sports because the rush of fear can be exciting. We all experience fear slightly differently and with more or less intensity. Some normal fears seem pretty much like a worry, or something you feel generally afraid of or uneasy about.
However, at other times, fear comes as a sudden reaction to a sudden confrontation with danger. It's that sudden fear response that triggers the body's survival mechanism known as the fight or flight reaction. The fear reaction is known as "fight or flight" because that is exactly what the body is preparing itself to do - to fight off the danger or to run to get away.
When faced with danger, our sympathetic nervous system produces adrenaline. This excess adrenaline prepares us to fight or to flee the physical threat. The fight-or-flight response includes an increase in heart rate and blood flow to our large muscles, better enabling us to react to the emergency.
Blood sugar also increases, providing us with more energy. With our bodies and minds alert and ready for action, we are able to respond quickly and protect ourselves. Although it is normal and even helpful to experience fear in dangerous situations, with phobias the fear and danger are greatly exaggerated or imagined.
For example, it is only natural to be afraid of a snarling dog, but it is irrational to be terrified of a small, tail wagging puppy. Fears become a reason for concern when they are persistent and interfere with your daily functioning.
When a fear reaches this level of intensity, it is often identified as a phobia. For a fear to be considered a phobia it has to be so extreme and cause so much distress that it gets in the way of a person's normal activities.
Difference Between Fear and Anxiety Fear is a reaction to an actual danger signal - it involves physical and mental tension that helps you spring into action to protect yourself from something that is happening.
The body suddenly gears up into fight or flight mode when, for example, the car in front of you swerves and you just miss it. Once you know the danger has passed, the fear goes away.
The physical and mental tension of anxiety is very similar to fear but with one important difference. With anxiety, there isn't usually anything actually happening right then and there to trigger the feeling.
The feeling is coming from the anticipation of future danger or something bad that could happen, but there is no danger happening now.
Everyone experiences anxiety from time to time. It can be mild or intense or somewhere in between. A little anxiety helps us to stay on our toes and motivates us to do our best. For example, some anxiety about the possibility of doing poorly on a test can motivate you to study a little harder.
A moderate amount of anxiety helps the body and mind get prepared to cope with something stressful or frightening. Sometimes anxiety can get out of proportion and become too intense or too lasting, and it can interfere with a person's ability to do well.
Understanding Phobias A phobia is an intense, unreasonable fear of situations, objects, activities, or persons where the fear is far out of proportion to the actual danger or harm that is possible. The fear and distress is so intense that the person will do whatever they can to avoid coming into contact with the object of their fear, and often spend time thinking about whether they're likely to encounter it in a given situation.
This experience is so unpleasant that you will go to great lengths to avoid the object or situation you fear. The main symptom of this disorder is the excessive, unreasonable desire to avoid the feared subject.
Phobias vary in severity among individuals. Some individuals can simply avoid the subject of their fear and suffer only relatively mild anxiety over that fear.Face Your Fears: A Proven Plan to Beat Anxiety, Panic, Phobias, and Obsessions [David F.
Tolin] on monstermanfilm.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Reclaim your life from crippling anxiety with this revolutionary step-by-step approach Nearly a third of all people will suffer from severe or debilitating fears.
Yet exposing ourselves to our personal demons is the best way to Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today.
Confronting phobias and other fears. The Spiritual Competency Resource Center provides access to online resources that enhance the cultural sensitivity of mental health professionals.
Spirituality is now accepted as an important component of cultural competence for mental health professionals. These resources include online courses, audio-visual resources, articles, and live workshops.
As you may have noticed. If we could understand how others see the world, it would help us to get along with people better. We could create better relationships, better families, better lives.
While some of us might have been fortunate enough to have left our deepest dreads in the past along with potty training and pacifiers, the rest of us are stuck with a crippling fear of everything from crowded spaces to cuddly canines.
Read on to learn about some of the most common childhood-turned-adult fears. Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective. It seeks to identify which human psychological traits are evolved adaptations – that is, the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection in human evolution.
Adaptationist thinking about physiological mechanisms.