Under deontology, an act may be considered right even if the act produces a bad consequence,  if it follows the rule or moral law. According to the deontological view, people have a duty to act in a way that does those things that are inherently good as acts "truth-telling" for exampleor follow an objectively obligatory rule as in rule utilitarianism.
Other NCSL staff contributors were Erin Kincaid, who provided significant research assistance; Vicky McPheron, who provided administrative support; and Leann Stelzer, who edited and coordinated publication of the report.
Their continued support and assistance to NCSL and state legislatures are gratefully acknowledged. The NCSL project responds to the challenges faced by states as they consider corrections and sentencing policies that both manage state spending and protect the public.
The Pew PSPP was launched in to help states advance fiscally sound, data-driven policies and practices in sentencing and corrections. The group had a one-year work plan to discuss and identify overarching principles for effective state sentencing and corrections policy and to identify key issues and approaches that explain and illustrate the recommendations.
The issues addressed by the NCSL work group reflect the important role of state legislatures in enacting policies that manage prison populations and costs, address offender and community needs, and contribute to the safe and fair administration of criminal justice.
The discussions took place during a difficult, recessionary budget climate. A major interest of the work group was how to have an immediate effect on state public safety dollars while also ensuring that the public safety is protected into the future.
Many concepts addressed in the Principles reflect recent advances in resource-sensitive policies that actually reduce risk and recidivism.
Mindful that sentencing and corrections policies reach into various levels and branches of government, the Principles also reflect the value that lawmakers place on stakeholders throughout criminal justice systems in policy development and discussions.
Apparent throughout the Principles is the importance of interbranch and intergovernmental collaboration, information exchange and evaluation in working toward effective sentencing and corrections policies. It is the intent of NCSL and this work group that the Principles and examples presented here will help guide and inform many aspects of state sentencing and corrections policy now and well into the future.
Principles and Points Preamble Providing for justice and protecting the public are fundamental concerns of criminal justice systems.
State approaches to sentencing and corrections have been characterized by traditional views that lean toward incapacitation or rehabilitation.
More contemporary policies to reduce recidivism look to evidence-based strategies that hold offenders accountable, are sensitive to corrections costs, and reduce crime and victimization. State legislatures set both the tone and the framework for sentencing and corrections policies.
The principles identified and described below resulted from the bipartisan NCSL work group and are not aligned with any particular opinion or approach.
Their intended purpose is to provide broad, balanced guidance to state lawmakers as they review and enact policies and make budgetary decisions that will affect community safety, management of criminal offenders, and allocation of corrections resources.
Sentencing and corrections policies should embody fairness, consistency, proportionality and opportunity. Establish sentences that are commensurate to the harm caused, the effects on the victim and on the community, and the rehabilitative needs of the offender.
Strive to balance objectives of treating like offenders alike with allowing discretion to select correctional options that meet individual offender needs and contribute to crime reduction.
Consider whether sentencing and corrections policies adversely or disproportionately affect citizens based on race, income, gender or geography, including, but not limited to, drug crimes. Review policies that affect long-term consequences of criminal convictions, including housing and employment opportunities.
Legislatures should convey a clear and purposeful sentencing and corrections rationale. The criminal code should articulate the purpose of sentencing, and related policies and practices should be logical, understandable, and transparent to stakeholders and the public.
Provide for agency mission statements that reflect the goal of recidivism reduction and the intended balance of surveillance, incapacitation, rehabilitation and victim restoration. Articulate corresponding requirements of agencies and expectations of courts.
Include in stated objectives that programs and practices be research-based, and provide appropriate oversight. Encourage collaboration among criminal justice, health and human services, and other relevant government agencies with intersecting not conflicting missions and goals.
Include criminal justice system stakeholders in planning and deliberations.A deviant act is any act that goes against the law or the acceptable social norms in a community. Formal deviant acts such as robbery, rape and murder are punishable by the law.
A person caught engaging in such acts is prosecuted in court and may go to jail, pay a fine or serve a community service sentence.
For additional resources, please visit the Principles report homepage.. Acknowledgements.
The NCSL Sentencing and Corrections Work Group was staffed and this report was prepared by Alison Lawrence, policy specialist, and Donna Lyons, group director, for the .
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology..
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Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong. You gotta have cash even in the future, otherwise you can't buy monstermanfilm.comn socialist paradises excluded of course.
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As we have seen in the United States in vibrant real time over the last several years, the media have become a battleground for the powerful to fight it out with the goal of altering public. Clock Blog for Members. Special updates on the 10, Year Clock project are posted on the members only Clock Blog. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for.
Deviant Act Project: Visit to a Grocery Store For my act of deviance I chose to go to a grocery store and attempt to pay for my groceries ignoring the line at the checkout counter. So one day I .
The frequency and closeness of associations a person has with deviant and non deviant individuals. Racial profiling The practice that assumes that nonwhite .